The phrase ‘He Mokopuna He Tupuna ’ is one that provides a cultural framework for understanding the positioning of tamariki within Te Ao Māori . It is drawn from the following whakataukī
He Tupuna he mokopuna. Mā wai i whakakī i ngā whawharua o ngā mātua Tupuna? Mā ā tātou mokopuna.! He mokopuna he Tupuna.

This whakataukī draws us to the essence of the whakapapa relationship between generations. It asserts that we are all mokopuna and we are all tupuna. The mokopuna will in future generations take the place of the tupuna. All grandchildren in time become grandparents. Each generation links through whakapapa to each other and we are a reflection and continuance of our ancestral lines.
This research project was developed to provide insights into tikanga ā Taranaki and traditional childrearing beliefs and practices. The project was visioned, developed and undertaken by Iwi researchers and Providers of Taranaki.


Creator | Kaihanga
Ngaropi Cameron, Dr Leonie Pihama, Rawinia Leatherby, Awhina Cameron
Year of Creation | Tau
Keywords | Kupu
Maori, Childrearing, Taranaki
Main Language | Reo Matua
Submitter's Rights | Nga Tika o te Kaituku
I represent the publisher or owner organisation of this resource
This Research has
been written outside an academic institution
Bibliographic Citation | Whakapuakanga

Cameron, N., Pihama, L., Leatherby, R., Cameron, A. (2013) He Mokopuna He Tupuna: Invetigating Traditional Maori Views of Childrearing Amongst Iwi Within Taranaki. Aotearoa/New Zealand

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