Drawing on Canterbury and Victoria experience, his report discusses and gives examples of the role of the non-profit sector in disaster risk reduction, readiness, response and recovery. While many see Civil Defence as being about the immediate response to disasters and emergencies, and public education for preparedness, it is also required to address risk reduction (including social risk) and long-term recovery. These latter activities aim to build community resilience and well-being. The non-profit sector has a unique and substantial contribution to make to the spectrum of civil defence, but this report argues that this is not well-recognised by either the civil defence sector or the non-profit sector itself. It makes the case for building the relationship between the two sectors and ensuring more non-profit sector involvement in civil defence planning.