This phenomenon of generation gap is not new but it became popular in 1960s; however its magnitude is greater today due to many factors. The fast trend of urbanization, literacy and technological advancement has brought about visible psycho-social changes in the personality traits of the individuals, who are exposed to these changes. The problem of adjustment among the new generation has heightened and this snowballing generation gap has enhanced the difference in attitudes, values, beliefs, behavior patterns and aspirations between both the generations. Azad Jammu and Kashmir with a heterogeneous population is no exception to this rapid process of transformation. Therefore today there is a distinct conflict between traditional and modern generations of the society. In this study researchers focus on different factors which are affecting the generation gap. The term Generation gap and the changing pattern of Parents-children / youth relations, interaction, communication pattern and conflict has caught the attention of social scientists and researchers. This small study is an attempt to check opinion, views and practices about generation gap of students of different departments of University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Muzaffarabad AJ&K.


Creator | Kaihanga
Colonel Temur Hayat Khan Bhatti (Retd)
Year of Creation | Tau
Publisher | Kaiwhakaputa
Creative Commons Licence
Attribution CC BY
Keywords | Kupu
Generation gap, Interaction between parents and children, information technology, social media, problems sharing, mutual respect, authority of parents, traditional values.
Main Language | Reo Matua
Submitter's Rights | Nga Tika o te Kaituku
I am the author / creator of this resource
Bibliographic Citation | Whakapuakanga

• Ambert, Anne-Marie (1992), The Effect of Children on Parents. New York: The Haworth Press.
• Alireza Dehghan (2008). Communication Theories written by Sorbonne, W.,
Tancard, J., Third Edition Tehran: Tehran University Publication.
• Baranowski, Marc D. (1978), “Adolescents’ Attempted Influence on Parental Behaviors,” Adolescence, XIII (Winter) (52), 585-604.
• Bell, Richard Q. and Lawrence V. Harper (1977), Child Effects on Adults. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.
• Berg, Bruce L. (1998), Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences, 3rd ed. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
• Brim, Orville G. (1968), “Adult Socialization,” in Socialization and Society, John A. Clausen, ed. Boston: Little Brown.
• Buchino, Mary Ann (1993), “Perceptions of the Oldest Hearing Child of Deaf Parents,” American Annals of the Deaf, 138, 1 (March) 40-45.
• Campbell, Ernest Q. (1975), Socialization: Culture and Personality. Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown Company.
• Carlson, Les and Sanford Grossbart (1988), “Parental Style and Consumer Socialization,” Journal of Consumer Research, 15 (June) 77-94.
• Elder, Glen H. (1962), “Structural Variations in the Child Rearing Relationship,” Sociometry, 25, 241-262.
• Lofland, John and Lyn H. Lofland (1995), Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis, 3rd ed., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
• Maignan, Isabelle (1996), “The Nature and Social Uses of the Internet: A Qualitative Investigation,” American Marketing Association, Summer, 44-45.
• McQuillan, Jeff and Lucy Tse (1995), “Child Language Brokering in Linguistic Minority Communities: Effects on Cultural Interaction, Cognition, and Literacy,” Language and Education, 9 (3), 195-215.
• Mead, Margaret (1970), Culture and Commitment: A Study of the Generation Gap. New York: Natural History Press/Doubleday & Company, Inc.
• Moschis, George P. (1987), Consumer Socialization: A Life-Cycle Perspective. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
• Negroponte, Nicholas (1996), “Foreward” in The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap, Seymour Papert. Atlanta: Longstreet Press.
• O’Neill, Audrey Myerson (1985), “Normal and Bright Children of Mentally Retarded Parents: The Huck Finn Syndrome,” Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 15, 4 (Summer), 255-267.
• Papert, Seymour (1996), The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap. Atlanta: Longstreet Press.
• Peters, John F. (1985), “Adolescents as Socialization Agents to Parents,” Adolescence, XX (Winter), 921-933.
• Pollack, Andrew (1982), “The Home Computer Arrives,” The New York Times, June 17, D1-6.
• Rickel, Annette U. and Lawrence L. Biasatti (1982), “Modification of the Block Child Rearing Practices Report,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38 (January), 129-134.
• Ritzer, George, Kenneth C. W. Kammeyer, and Norman R. Yetman (1979), Sociology: Experiencing a Changing Society. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
• Schaefer, Earl S. and Richard Q. Bell (1958), “Development of a Parental Attitude Research Instrument,” Child Development, 29 (3), 339-361.
• Sussman, Marvin B. and Suzanne K. Steinmetz (1987), Handbook of Marriage and the Family. New York: Plenum Press.
• Tapscott, Don (1998), Growing Up Digital: The Rise of the Net Generation. New York: McGraw-Hill.
• Tse, Lucy (1995), “Language Brokering Among Latino Adolescents: Prevalence, Attitudes, and School Performance,” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 17 (2), 180-193.
• Venkatesh, Alladi and Nicholas Vitalari (1985), “Households and Technology; The Case of Home Computers B Some Conceptual and Theoretical Issues” in Marketing to the Changing Household, M.S. Roberts and L. Wortzel, eds. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing, 187-203.
• Berger, Piter, & Lackman, Thomas(2008). Social building of Reality, translated by Fariborz Majidi, Tehran: Cultural and Scientific Publishing LTD.
• Bourdieu, peter (2009). A lesson about Lessons, translated by Nase Fakuhi,
• Tehran: Ney Publishing
• Dehkhoda, Aliakbar (1999). Dictionary, Tehran: Tehran University.
• Dadgaran, Seyed Mohammad (2006). Basics of Communication, Tehran: Morvarid and Firuzeh Publishing.

Back to top