This research was commissioned to deliver a review of the services provided by Continence NZ and make recommendations as to how the organisation can most effectively serve those living with incontinence. To inform these recommendations, the research sought to understand the current situation of continence care in Aotearoa, New Zealand, the experiences of those accessing Continence NZ’s services and the experiences of those seeking care for continence concerns.

Continence NZ contracted Sapere to research the current state of continence care, which is documented in the report ‘Continence practice in New Zealand’ (Dourst et al., 2023). The experiences of those seeking care for continence concerns have been documented in the report ‘The lived experience of access to continence care in Aotearoa, New Zealand: A community perspective.’ (Williams & Fear, 2023). The results
of the feedback on Continence NZ’s services are included in Appendices 1 – 4 of this document.


Creator | Kaihanga
Laura Fear and Celeita Williams
Year of Creation | Tau
Publisher | Kaiwhakaputa
The New Zealand Continence Association trading as Continence NZ
Creative Commons Licence
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives CC BY-NC-ND
Keywords | Kupu
Continence; incontinence; access to care; bladder; bowel; health
Main Language | Reo Matua
Submitter's Rights | Nga Tika o te Kaituku
I represent the publisher or owner organisation of this resource
This Research has
been written outside an academic institution
Bibliographic Citation | Whakapuakanga

Brennen, R., Frawley, H. C., Martin, J., & Haines, T. P. (2021). Group-based pelvic floor muscle training for all women during pregnancy is more cost-effective than postnatal training for women with urinary incontinence: Cost-effectiveness analysis of a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy, 67(2), Article 2.

Doust, E., Woock, K., & Moore, D. (2023). Continence practice in New Zealand: Report prepared for Continence NZ (Sapere) Esplin, J., Smith, J., Doust, E., & Poynton M. (2017). Report on Good Practice of Continence Services in New Zealand.

Ministry of Health. (2012). Community health, transitional and support service specifications: Continence education and consumables services. Ministry of Health.

New Zealand Continence Association & New Zealand Carers Alliance. (2009). Continence Services in New Zealand: History, Services, Costs and Impacts—A Call for Action Paper.

Ostaszkiewicz, J., Tomlinson, E., & Hutchinson, A. M. (2018). Dignity: A central construct in nursing home staff understandings of quality continence care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(11–12), Article 11–12.

Schluter, P.J., Ward, C., Arnold, E.P., Scrase, R., Jamieson, H.A. (2017). Urinary incontinence, but not fecal incontinence, is a risk factor for admission to aged residential care of older persons in New Zealand. Neurourology and Urodynamics. 2017; 36: 1588–1595.

Taylor, D. W., & Cahill, J. J. (2018). From stigma to the spotlight: A need for patient-centred incontinence care. Healthcare Management Forum, 31(6), Article 6.

Te Whatu Ora. (2022). Te Pae Tata: Interim New Zealand Health Plan.

Williams, C., & Fear, L. (2023). The lived experience of access to continence care in Aotearoa, New
Zealand: A community perspective.

Woodley, S. J., Lawrenson, P., Boyle, R., Cody, J. D., Mørkved, S., Kernohan, A., & Hay-Smith, E. J. C. (2020). Pelvic floor muscle training for preventing and treating urinary and faecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 5(5), Article 5.

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